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ASA: Epidural or spinal anesthesia preferred for most cesarean deliveries New research could ease the minds of pregnant women who may be nervous about epidurals or spinal anesthesia for childbirth. A scholarly study of New York state hospitals, published in the web First edition of Anesthesiology, the state medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists , found the price of anesthesia-related problems in ladies who received epidural or spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery decreased 25 % in the last decade. Cesarean delivery may be the most commonly performed inpatient surgical procedure in the United States, with 1.3 million cesareans being performed under epidural, spinal or general anesthesia each year, said Jean Guglielminotti, M.D., Ph.D., lead study writer and postdoctoral analysis fellow, Department of Anesthesiology, Columbia University INFIRMARY, New York.All these articles had been retracted in March 2015. The type of peer-review fraud committed by Moon, Chen, and third-party agencies could work when journals allow or encourage authors to suggest reviewers because of their own submissions. Though many editors dislike this practice Even, it is frequently used, for several reasons. One is normally that in specific fields, authors could be ideal qualified to suggest suitable reviewers for the manuscript and topic involved. Another can be that it makes life less complicated for editors: finding appropriate peer reviewers who are prepared to review in a timely manner can be both hard and frustrating. A third reason could be that journals and publishers are increasingly multinational.