Humphreys stressed that he doesn’t believe his fellow researchers are acting out of prejudice or purposefully excluding sufferers. ‘Most researchers want women in the studies, but they don’t understand that the way they design the analysis undermines their intentions,’ he stated. ‘A researcher may state, ‘I don’t wish anyone who’s depressed in my alcohol study,’ and not end to consider that the majority of depressed folks are women.’ Predicated on the paper’s findings, Humphreys said he would encourage researchers to carefully examine the explanation of a study’s eligibility requirements.24 online edition of JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, do not show that hearing impairment, itself, shortens people’s lives. ‘This is an interesting observation, but it needs to be taken with a grain of salt also,’ said Dr. Ana Kim, director of otology research at the New York Eye and Hearing Infirmary of Mount Sinai, in New York City, who was simply not involved in the extensive research. ‘There are so many variables that get into mortality,’ she said. ‘It would be too simplistic to say it is because of hearing impairment.’ Lead researcher Kevin Contrera, of Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, agreed that the findings do not prove hearing reduction is to blame.